Agricultural engineering is one of the engineering disciplines that applies engineering science and technology for agricultural production and processing, enhanced land used patterns and management for land and other natural resources. Agricultural engineering involves the disciplines of animal biology, plant biology, and engineering principles like civil, mechanical and chemical with the knowledge of agricultural principles. In fact, it has broader scope of application of engineering principles and knowledge of mechanical engineering for designing agricultural machineries.
Animal husbandry plays a vital role in socio-economic life of Phek district people and they rear domestic animals – pig, poultry, cattle, buffalo, goat, rabbit etc. They also keep Mithun in semi-wild condition. Majority people of the district are non vegetarian and hence having high demand of meat and egg. Due to low production performance of the local animals with traditional rearing practices, production performance of livestock in the district is not up to the mark to fulfill the meat, egg and milk demand of the district. Hence, this sector has great prospect and potentiality for development in the district.
Plant Protection continues to play a significant role in achieving targets of crop production. The major thrust areas of plant protection are promotion of ensuring availability of safe and quality pesticides for sustaining crop production from the ravages of pests and diseases, streamlining the quarantine measures for accelerating the introduction of new high yielding crop verities, besides eliminating the chances of entry of exotic pests and for human resource development including empowerment of women in plant protection skills.
1. Development capabilities of rural youth and women in the field of fruits and vegetables processing and value addition. 2. Conduct an awareness programme on sanitation and hygiene. 3. Development capabilities of rural youth and women in the field of handicrafts.
Agronomy is a branch of agricultural science that deals with the study of crops and the soils in which they grow. It deals with various physical and biological factors-including soil management, tillage, crop rotation, breeding, weed control and climate-related to crop production. Agronomy involves the process of selective breeding of plants in order to produce the best yield of crops under different conditions.
India with diverse soil and climate comprising several agro-ecological regions provides ample opportunity to grow a variety of horticulture crops. These crops form a significant part of total agricultural produce in the country comprising of fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops, flowers, ornamental plants, medicinal and aromatic plants, spices, condiments, plantation crops, mushrooms and landscape gardening. It is estimated that all the horticulture crops put together cover nearly 11.6 million hectares area with an annual production of 91 million tones.Though these crops occupy hardly 7% of the cropped area they contribute over 18% to the gross agricultural output in the country. Fruits and vegetables are also rich source of vitamins, minerals, proteins, and carbohydrates etc. which are essential in human nutrition. Hence, these are referred to as protective foods and assumed great importance as nutritional security of the people.
Agriculture is mainly dependent on the soil and the climate. Soil may be defined as a thin layer on the earth crust which serves as a natural medium for the growth of the plants, composed of mineral and organic materials and living forms. Soil science mainly comprises of soil chemistry, soil physics, pedology and soil fertilility. Soils of Phek district are acidic in nature and are sandy clay to clay loam.